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THE REAL ESTATE (REGULATION AND DEVELOPMENT) ACT, 2016

The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 is an Act of the Parliament of India which seeks to protect home-buyers as well as help boost investments in the real estate industry.
Coverage of this act:-
 The Real Estate Act makes it mandatory for all commercial and residential real estate projects where the land is over 500 square meters, or eight apartments, to register with the Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA) for launching a project, in order to provide greater transparency in project-marketing and execution

 For on-going projects which have not received completion certificate on the date of commencement of the Act, will have to seek registration within 3 months. Application for registration must be either approved or rejected within a period of 30 days from the date of application by the RERA. On successful registration, the promoter of the project will be provided with a registration number, a login id and password for the applicants to fill up essential details on the website of the RERA. For failure to register, a penalty of up to 10 percent of the project cost or three years' imprisonment may be imposed.
PROTECTION OF BUYERS

 The Act prohibits unaccounted money from being pumped into the sector and as of now 70 per cent of the money has to be deposited in bank accounts through cheques.
Real Estate Regulatory Authority and Appellate Tribunal
It will help to establish state-level Real Estate Regulatory Authorities (RERAs) to regulate transactions related to both residential and commercial projects and ensure their timely completion and handover. Appellate Tribunals will now be required to adjudicate cases in 60 days as against the earlier provision of 90 days and Regulatory Authorities to dispose of complaints in 60 days while no time frame was indicated in earlier Bill.

Certain areas to be exempted from the RERA

 The Real Estate Act makes it mandatory for all commercial and residential real estate projects where the land is over 500 square meters, or eight apartments, to register with the Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA) for launching a project, in order to provide greater transparency in project-marketing and execution. Where the area of land does not exceed to 500 square meters or the no. of apartments does exceed to be developed.
 Provided that: If the appropriate government considers it necessary, it may, reduce the threshold below five hundred square meters or eight apartments, as the case may be.
 Promoter has received the completion certificate for real estate project prior to commencement act.
REAL ESTATE REGULATORY AUTHORITY
 Authority is established and incorporated under section 20. According to section u/s 35 Authority has power to take sue motto complaints and inquire against information and conduct the enquiry or invest on that matter. Authority can take cognizance on the sue motto if they necessary to so.
 According to section 36 interim order cabs are passed by the authority.
 Authority can be issue direction u/s 37.
 Authority has power u/s 38 to impose the penalty or interest.
 Authority has power to rectify its order any time within a period of 2years from the date of order made u/s 39.
If somebody does not agree to the direction or order of Authority then that person can file an appeal under REAL ESTATE APPELATE TRIBUNAL.

REAL ESTATE APPELATE TRIBUNAL

 REAL ESTATE APPELATE TRIBUNAL is established under section 43. As per s.43 (5) appeal of promoter would be entertained only on depositing at least 30% of the penalty on higher percentage determined by the appellate tribunal.
 As per section 44(5) appellate authority should be endeavor to dispose off the appeal within a period of 60days from the date of receipt.
 As per section 58 appeals can be filled against Appellate Tribunal within 60 days of communication of the order of the Appellate tribunal. In case of delay adequate reasoning is required.

OFFENSES AND PENALITIES

 As per section 59(1) punishment for non registeration u/s 3 for promoter would be penalty which may extend up to 10% of the estimated cost of the Real Estate Project as determined by the Authority.
 As per s.59(2) if the order passed u/s 59(1) is not complicated then promoter shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extended up to 3yrs or with fine which extend to further 10% of the estimated cost of the project.
 As per s.60 the penalty for contravention of s4. of promoter would be penalty which may extend up to 5% the estimated cost of the Real Estate Project as determined by the Authority.
 As per the s.61 penalty for the contravention of provision of this act and rules other than s.3 and s.4 for the promoter shall be a penalty which may extend to 5% of the estimated cost of the real estate project as determined by the authority
 As per s.62 non registration and contravention u/s 9 and 10 done by Real estate agent, in such case he shall be liable to a penalty of rs10000 for everyday during such default continues, which may cumulatively extend up to 5%of the cost of the plot, apppartment or building, as the case may be, of the Real estate project, for which the sale or purchase has been facilitated as determined by the authority.
 As per s.63 penalty for failure to comply with the order of Authority would be penalty for everyday during which such default continues, which may cumulatively extend up to 5% of the real estate project as determined by the authority
 As per s.64 punishment for contravention of order of Appellate Tribunal by promoter shall be imprisonment for term which may extend up to 3yrs or fine for everyday during which such default continues, which may cumulatively extend up to 10% of the estimated cost of the real estate project or with both.
 As per s.65 penalty for failure to comply with order of the Authority by the real estate agent shall be a penalty for everyday during which default continues, which may cumulatively extend up to 5% of the estimated cost of plot, apartment or building or the case may be.
 As per s.68 punishment for the failure to comply with order of Authority by allottee shall be imprisonment for a term which may extend up to one year or with fine for everyday during which default continues, which may cumulatively extend up to 10% of the plot or with both
 As per the compounding of offences can be done either before or after institution of prosecution before court and any payments of sum shall not in any case, exceeded the maximum amount of the fine which may be imposed for the offense so compounded.
 As per section s.80 cognizance of offence can be taken by court on a complaint in writing made by the authority or by any officer of the authority duly authorized by it for this purpose.

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